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Community Based Rehabilitation (CBR)

CBR is a world-wide proven program for people with special needs. The aim of this program is to promote education, legal representation and participation in the community.
The main focus of SEED is to improve the living conditions of internally displaced families, develop self-reliant communities and to have them network with each other.  Special attention in this program is paid to the Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) and to vulnerable people with special needs. For this reason, SEED initiated the development of a basic training for this group.

Empowerment Campus

The foundation for today’s CBR was laid through the establishment of the Empowerment Campus (EC) in 2000, a school which has about 80 students with different Learning Difficulties (LD) or Hearing and Speech Impairment (HSI). The campus is organized in two different areas: school education and job training.
A great emphasis is laid on teaching independent living skills and on intensive collaboration with the parents which includes the preparation of healthy lunch by the parents in the kitchen of the school.
Thirty four employees are currently working for the Empowerment Campus.
The responsibilities are spread between different teams. The didactic team prepares individual curriculums and exams whereas the resource team is accountable for monitoring, evaluation and advanced training. Another team is responsible for the emotional contents of lessons and rules.  
With the assistance of the parents, the essential medical check-ups are conducted in the Vavuniya hospital or in Colombo.
Currently, there are 18 teachers in the campus. All of them have a diploma in Special Education from the National Institute in Colombo. In addition to that, they are all trained in sign language.
Networking with other organizations like ORHAN (Organisation for the Rehabilitation of the Handicapped) or Department of Social Service and the National Youth Services Council Training Centers led to many achievements, such as the recognition of certificates, combined events like Sports meet with ORHAN or Sunshine Game, a nationwide sport event in Colombo.
To ensure the regular attendance of students in schools, they are picked up by two buses from 18 Grama Nildhari (GN) divisions in the Vavuniya district.

Characteristics of the schools:

  • Healthy lunch, milk and tea at no charge
  • Regular check-up of Body-Mass-Index (BMI)
  • Language and physiotherapeutic services
  • Provision of free materials to remodel school uniforms for persons with special needs.
  • School forum to represent interests
  • Election of a confidant from the student body
  • Regulation and reward system for appropriate behavior in school
  • Information booklet for parents
  • Regular monthly meeting with parents and visits of parents
  • Health education, dance and physical education
  • Montessori classes to obtain behavioral education and everyday training
  • Assistance for volunteer work through professionals

Vocational Training

The vocational training is carried out in the following fields:

  • Art and Handcraft
  • Sewing
  • Wood Carving & Carpentry
  • Computer class             
  • Gardening

The vocational training program is compliant with the National Vocational Qualification system and aligned with its syllabus to achieve the certification and recognition of degrees for the trainees.

The photo gallery contains of a selection of exhibits created by the trainees.


In the next years, the campus will be developed into a center for resources. Therapeutic and advanced trainings should be organized in cooperation with the ORHAN staff members. Further focus will be put on sensitizing the environment for the requirements and resources of people with handicaps, networking and representation of their legal interests.

Intensive Education/ Special Education Unit

The governmental support for schools is limited. The schools are lacking of enough trained teachers and construction materials for class rooms. SEED supports the education and integration in the public schools intensively.
SEED stands for collective learning and creates the prerequisites through following activities:

  • It offers fora and workshops for teachers and trains volunteers which enable them opportunities to get an occupation at a public school.
  • The learning of sign language supports the integration of students with hearing and speech impairment.
  • SEED works closely with the parents of its students. It organizes home visits to get to know the environment and the needs of the students.
  • A further emphasis of work is the creation of a handicap-friendly atmosphere in the schools. Class room arrangement, procurement of materials for participation in sport and cultural activities are part of this task. Seminars for the students assisting the students with special needs are conducted and joint events and festivals are organized.
  • Furthermore, medical check-ups and supply of utilities are arranged.
  • The cooperation with the government agencies, organizations and civil services, such as Community Rehabilitation Committee creates the basis for the awareness for a handicap-friendly atmosphere.

Improving Mental Health of Children

improv._menth._H._workshop_CBRThis project was developed for the 6-18 years old students who require psychological therapy due to their experiences.
They are the children and adolescents from refugee families who are affected by the internal conflict, floods or the tsunami and do not have the financial capacity for education or recreational activities.
It is a measure to counteract or identify psychological diseases through games and recreational activities. These projects are supported by school principals, teachers and volunteers. 18 groups comprising 3200 students take part in these projects.
It consists of the following components:

  • Ensuring medical check-ups in cooperation with a team of psychologists from the hospital of Vavuniya
  • Supply of food with the help of the teachers and volunteers in empowerment campus
  • Guidance of the volunteer groups to support the projects
  • Making provision for the students with school materials, such as books, uniforms and back packs
  • Development of ideas for games to explore and enhance their interests and skills
  • Participation in and contribution to cultural programs
  • Providing materials for games and recreational activities to play in the peer group
  • Leisure events such as an annual fun trip to stabilize the peer group and to extend the knowledge acquired in the school
  • Improvement of village libraries nearby the peer group
  • Networking to develop further aid activities

Special Needs Village Rehabilitation Team

This form of intensive care was developed for the families that have members with multiple and severe disabilities.
Furthermore, it aims towards youths that left school and don’t have any vocational training.
Initially, a medical check-up is performed to get a precise diagnosis to determine the possibilities for support. The provision of therapeutic tools is a complicated and costly process which is assisted by the SEED staff members.
After the diagnosis, a weekly plan is created with the clients and their family members. This plan regulates daily tasks and therapeutic measures. The plan is regularly reworked and readjusted.
Some of them receive training in housework or the families are supported with micro credits for a business.
In 2011, the village team works in 7 GN divisions in Vavuniya and in Vavuniya North. The staff members are trained in physiotherapy, occupational, speech therapy and Community Based Rehabilitation.
Under the guidance of SEED, 7 Community Rehabilitation Committees were formed. Their staff members are trained in following areas:

  • Rehabilitation training
  • Social activities
  • Income activities

The aim is to enable the community to continue with social and therapeutic assistance on their own as much as possible and to instigate for the requirements and resources for the people with special needs.
SEED carries out regular meetings and trainings with the members of the Community Rehabilitation Committees and the family members of the persons concerned.


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